Practically 50% of American grown-ups have high blood pressure, or hypertension. It’s often called the “silent killer” since individuals frequently don’t have any indications and many don’t realize they have it.
What is blood pressure?
Blood pressure alludes to the force of blood flowing through blood vessels, as indicated by the American Heart Association. At the point when heart beats, it pumps blood all through the body’s blood vessels. As the blood moves through the body, it pushes against the sides of the veins. The force of that push is blood pressure.
Blood pressure is measured with two numbers: systolic pressure (the top number) and diastolic pressure (the bottom number). A blood pressure reading of 120/80 mm Hg implies that the systolic pressure is 120 and the diastolic pressure is 80.
Systolic alludes to the pressure in an individual’s arteries when the heart beats. Diastolic is the pressure in the arteries when the heart is resting between beats.
What is the normal range for blood pressure?
Blood pressure numbers under 120/80 mm Hg are viewed as normal, as per the American Heart Association.
Blood pressure numbers from 120 to 129 systolic and under 80 mm Hg diastolic are viewed as raised. Individuals in this range are probably going to grow high blood pressure except if steps are taken to control the condition.
What is low blood pressure?
A blood pressure reading of under 90 systolic or under 60 mm Hg diastolic is generally thought to be low blood pressure, as per the Mayo Clinic. Low blood pressure is likewise alluded to as hypotension.
In the event that there are no symptoms, low blood pressure generally isn’t viewed as dangerous. On the off chance that symptomatic, low blood pressure can be an indication of a genuine ailment. Symptoms can include:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Blurred vision
- Lack of concentration
- Cold, clammy pale skin
- Rapid, shallow breathing
Conditions that can cause low blood pressure incorporate pregnancy, heart issues, endocrine issues, dehydration, blood loss, serious infection, extreme allergic reaction, and absence of nutrients in individuals eating routine.
What is high blood pressure?
Blood pressure over 130/80 mm Hg is viewed as high blood pressure, or hypertension.
More often than not, high blood pressure has no conspicuous symptoms. Be that as it may, left untreated, it can harm the veins. This harm can prompt a range of health issues, including:
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Kidney disease or kidney failure
- Vision loss
- Sexual dysfunction
- Chest pain
- Peripheral artery disease
A healthy lifestyle and medications can lower blood pressure. Lifestyle changes incorporate eating a well-balanced eating regimen that is low in salt, restricting alcohol, exercising regularly, managing stress, maintaining a healthy weight and quitting smoking. In the event that people do take medications to control their blood pressure, try to take them appropriately and cooperate with their primary care physician.
How can someone lower his blood pressure promptly for a test?
Long-term procedures work best to lower blood pressure, including lifestyle changes.
Be that as it may, there are things people can do at the time.
Ensure their blood pressure is measured under the correct conditions to get the right reading: People should be in a peaceful room. Try not to smoke, drink caffeinated beverages or exercise within 30 minutes before taking the estimation. Likewise, void their bladder be still for in any event five minutes prior, the American Heart Association recommends.
Stress hormones constrict veins, raising blood pressure. To enable people’s body to relax rapidly, practice deep breathing: Sit still with one hand on their stomach and the other over their heart. Breathe in gradually until they feel their stomach rise, at that point hold their breath for a minute. Breathe out gradually and feel their stomach fall. Rehash.
Will drinking lots of water lower blood pressure?
Remaining very much hydrated — ideally with water — helps keep the heart from working too hard, as per the American Heart Association. It enables the heart to all the more easily pump blood through the blood vessels.
Would aspirin be able to help lower blood pressure?
Maintain a strategic distance from an every day aspirin except if doctor recommends it, the most up to date rules from the American Heart Association advise. Aspirin can be a part of a treatment plan for patients with a history of heart attack or stroke, yet its impact on blood pressure is as yet being studied.
To what extent does it take to get blood pressure down?
It relies upon the situation. High blood pressure may come back to normal rapidly after an upsetting situation passes. Medications to lower blood pressure can begin working on the same day.
It takes around one to a quarter of a year for regular exercise to have an impact, as indicated by the Mayo Clinic.