Cell signaling is a process of communication. This process can be of different types. Among its main types, paracrine signaling, autocrine signaling, and endocrine signaling are included. The immunologist, Kanury Rao, has said that these types or forms of signaling help in the communication of cells but certain differences are present.
Kanury Rao is one of the best Immunologist who has explained about the different forms of cell Signalling, Kanury Rao is an award winning immunologist and has dedicated a lot in Science Field for India.
As you read more, you will be able to identify what these differences are and how they initiate communication among the cells.
1. Paracrine Signaling
When cells communicate, a chemical messenger is produced in order to do so. These messengers can be understood as ligands. They help in diffusing with the availability of space among the cells within a body. These cells lie close to each other. Thus, these messengers are able to help in initiating the communication. Mr. Rao says that this can be understood as paracrine signaling.
2. Autocrine Signaling
There is a type of signaling in which a cell communicates with itself. This type can be referred to as autocrine signaling. When its process occurs, a ligand is made. Kanury Rao says that this ligand is useful for binding with the receptors. In some situations, this binding can be based on the signal or receptor’s type. In processes relating to developments, autocrine signaling serves a key role.
3. Endocrine Signaling
There can be processes in which a cell may want to communicate a signal to another cell at a long distance. For this, the circulatory system is used. This can be understood as endocrine signaling. As per the immunologist, Mr. Rao, in endocrine signaling, signals are created in a particular body part. Then they are made to reach the target point.
As you learned here, cell signaling can be found in different forms. These differences occur due to the signal being transferred across varying distances. The length of the distance need not be the same. In some processes, the cell may not even be required to transmit a signal across any distance but only to itself. Irrespective of the form, signaling helps in performing several important processes.